Savar Upazila – Home to Jatiyo Smriti Soudho
Located northwest of Dhaka city in the Dhaka Division of Bangladesh, Savar Upazila’s most famous attraction is undoubtedly the National Monument, Jatiyo Smriti Soudho, dedicated to the martyrs of the country’s 1971 Liberation War which resulted in Bangladesh separating from Pakistan and gaining its independence. When the decision was made to erect the monument, fifty-seven designs for the monument were submitted through a nationwide competition. Following careful evaluation, the design by Syed Mainul Hossain was chosen, and the monument was completed and inaugurated on December 16, 1982.
Covering an area of a little over 280 square kilometers, Savar upazila has Keraniganj upazila to the south, Kaliakair and Gazipur Sadar upazilas to the north, thanas of Dhaka city to the east, and Dhamrai and Singair upazilas to the west. With the height of the land sloping upward from east to west, the main rivers of Savar Upazila are Turag, Buriganga, Bangshi and Karnatali. Demographics from the 2011 Bangladesh census note that the religious beliefs of the population are predominantly Muslim, with Hindu being the second largest religious group, and smaller numbers of Christians and Buddhists. There are more than three hundred ethnic minority group nationals in the region.
The economy is primarily driven by manufacturing and agriculture, with the main crops being jute, rice, onion, garlic and other vegetables, as well as mango, olive, jackfruit, papaya, banana, guava and kamranga (star fruit). The upazila’s cottage industry includes skilled weavers, goldsmiths and other producers of traditional crafts.
Savar is home to the Jahangirnagar University which offers students full residence facilities. Every year migratory birds travel from Siberia, the Himalayas and other colder destinations further north to spend their winter in the university’s scenic grounds, which feature woods, swamps and other habitat favored by birds. Birding enthusiasts can expect to see a variety of migratory birds, including various ducks, spoonbills and moorhens. The zoology department at the university monitors bird populations on the grounds. In addition to universities, colleges, high schools, junior high schools, primary and community schools, Savar is home to the Atomic Energy Research Establishment, National Institute of Biotechnology, Savar Youth Training Center and the Bangladesh livestock Research Institute.