Bangladesh Dhaka city
Dhaka City Dhaka (ঢাকা, formerly spelled Dacca, named Jahangir-nagar during Mughal era) is the capital of Bangladesh. It is a mega city and one of the major cities of South Asia. Located on the banks of the Buriganga River, had a population of over 16 million in 2011. It is the 9th largest city in the world and also 28th among the most densely populated cities in the world. Dhaka is known as the City of Mosques and with 400,000 cycle rickshaws running on its streets every day, the city is also described as the Rickshaw Capital of the World. Under Mughal rule in the 17th century, the city was known as Jahangir Nagar. The modern city, however, was developed chiefly under British rule in the 19th century, and became the second-largest city in Bengal. After the Partition of Bengal in 1905, Dhaka became the capital of the new province of Eastern Bengal and Assam but lost its status as a provincial capital again after the partition was annulled in 1911. After the partition of India in 1947, Dhaka became the administrative capital of East Pakistan, and later, in 1971, the capital of an independent Bangladesh. Modern Dhaka is the center of political, cultural and economic life in Bangladesh. Dhaka suffers from urban problems such as pollution and overpopulation. The city is attracting large foreign investments and greater volumes of commerce and trade. It is also experiencing an increasing influx of people from across the nation, this has reportedly made Dhaka the fastest growing city in the world. Cultures of the City As the most populous city of Bangladesh, Dhaka has a vibrant cultural life. Annual celebrations for Independence Day (26 March), Language Martyrs' International Mother Language Day (21 February) and Victory Day (16 December) are prominently celebrated across the city. Dhaka's people congregate at the Shaheed Minar and the Jatiyo Smriti Soudho to remember the national heroes of the liberation war. These occasions are observed with public ceremonies and rallies in public grounds. Pohela Baishakh, the Bengali New Year, falls annually on April 14 and is popularly celebrated across the city with all the colors of the country. Large crowds of people gather on the streets of Shahbag, Ramna Park and the campus of the University of Dhaka for celebrations. The most popular dressing style for women are sarees or salwar kameez, while men usually prefer western clothing to the traditional lungi, futuwa even panjabi. The Muslim festivals of Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha witness widespread celebrations across the whole city. For much of recent history, Dhaka was characterised by roadside markets and small shops that sold a wide variety of goods. Recent years have seen the widespread construction of shopping malls, multiplexes, hotels and restaurants attracting Dhaka's growing middle class and wealthy residents. Along with Bangladeshi cuisine and South Asian variants, a large variety of Western and Chinese cuisine is served at numerous restaurants and eateries. Though restaurants offering multinational cuisine and fastfood chains like KFC, Pizza Hut, Baskin-Robbins, A&W and Chili's have opened up in the city, unique Dhakai delicacies like Glassey, Hajir Biriani (Haji's Biriani), Fakhruddin Biriani, Mama Halim, Borhani etc. are still very popular amongst Dhakaiyas. These delicacies are even offered to state guests. Dhakai Bakarkhani is the traditional food/snack of the people of old Dhaka. Despite the growing popularity of music groups and rock bands, traditional folk music remains widely popular. The works of the national poet Kazi Nazrul Islam and national anthem writer Rabindranath Tagore have a widespread following across Dhaka. There are many more... to see all the colors of the city you are always welcome to "ঢাকা" Dhaka , "বাংলাদেশ" Bangladesh.