Bougainvilleas adorn the fence of Aizawl Theological College(ATC)

Bougainvilleas are popular ornamental plants found in tropical moist regions and native to South American countries like Brazil, Peru and Argentina. However, bougainvilleas will thrive in almost any soil as long as it is well-drained and fertile. In India, it grows in tropical and sub tropical forests such as Sultanpur National park, Kanha National Park and Eravikulam National Park. It is also found in the North Eastern State of India. Bougainvilleas belong to the family Nyctaginaceae. They are a group of tropical and subtropical flowering shrubs and climbing vines. Bougainvilleas are often used as porch climbers and hedges. Its flower has a papery and delicate texture, and can easily lose its pedals during a severe wind. The other name for bougainvillea is paper flower. It has a popular woody scandent shrub and grows to the height of 10 -15 feet. The flowers varies from classic red, purple, orange, white, pink and cream, which bloom all year round. The history of Bougainvillea is quite interesting. It was named after Louis Antoine de Bougainville in 1768. Noted for being the first Frenchman to cross the Pacific, he was on a discovery voyage, which included royal botanist Philibert Commerson. Commerson is credited with discovering the plant in Brazil and then naming it after Bougainville. They returned to France with a sample, but because of its inability to withstand cold, it was referred to as a "stove plant" and had to be kept indoors. During their voyage, they carried ...

 

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